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Fed appeals court can decide health care legislation cases

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Upon further reflection and based on previous court decisions in the health care litigation, the Justice Department has concluded that the Anti-Injunction Act "does not foreclose the exercise of jurisdiction in this case," the department said in its brief.

The department still considers the penalty a tax, but believes Congress did not intend for the Anti-Inunction Act to prohibit pre-enforcement challenges to the health care law's key provision - the insurance mandate.

"In the unique circumstances of this case, we do not believe that Congress intended a refund suit to be the sole recourse for a constitutional challenge to the minimum coverage provision," the government's brief says.

Virginia Attorney General Kenneth Cuccinelli and lawyers for Liberty University offered different reasons for concluding that the Anti-Injunction Act does not apply.

The attorney general said the act has no bearing on his suit because he is defending a Virginia law that says no resident of the state can be compelled to buy health insurance. Liberty said the act doesn't apply because "the mandates themselves are compelled purchases of a product, or penalties for failure to purchase a product, not taxes."

The Justice Department is appealing U.S. District Judge Henry E. Hudson's decision striking down the insurance mandate. Liberty is appealing U.S. District Judge Norman Moon's ruling upholding the health care law.

The two judges disagreed on the central question in both cases: whether Congress exceeded its constitutional authority under the Commerce Clause in passing the minimum coverage requirement.

A decision by the appeals panel, which consists of two Obama appointees and one judge appointed by former President Bill Clinton, is expected in a few weeks. Lawyers on both sides have said the cases ultimately will be decided by the U.S. Supreme Court.

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