VIRGINIA

Virginia House passes two restrictive abortion laws

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RICHMOND, Va. (AP) - A House Republican supermajority has muscled two of the most restrictive anti-abortion bills in years to passage over passionate objections from Democrats.

Del. Bob Marshall's House Bill 1 would effectively outlaw all Virginia abortions by declaring that the rights of persons apply from the moment sperm and egg unite. It passed Tuesday on a vote of 66-32.

Opponents called the measure draconian, noting that voters in Mississippi last fall resoundingly rejected adding a "personhood amendment" to their state constitution.

Marshall called opponents alarmists.

On a 63-36 vote, the House passed a bill that requires women to have a transvaginal ultrasound before undergoing abortions.

Democratic Del. Charnielle Herring said it literally mandates invasive probes of women. Republican Del. Todd Gilbert dismissed most abortions as "matters of lifestyle convenience."

The debate over the ideologically divisive issue evoked the some of the sharpest exchanges of the 2012 legislative session.

Del. Joseph Morrissey, the House Democrats' sharp-tongued point man, was twice rebuked by House Speaker Bill Howell for calling the GOP majority hypocritical in advancing the abortion bills then contending the state has no business urging young girls to be vaccinated against a virus that can later cause cervical cancer.

Marshall's bill for years had passed the conservative House only to bog down and die in a moderate Senate.

This time, it stands to survive a Senate under new conservative control after last fall's election stripped the Democrats of control.

Gov. Bob McDonnell, a socially conservative Roman Catholic, has said he will sign the ultrasound bill, but has taken no position on Marshall's personhood bill, said his spokesman J. Tucker Martin.

Del. Eileen Filler-Corn said the bill would make reproductive rights in Virginia more restrictive than states of the Deep South. In fact, she contended, it would restrict access to contraception.

"I cannot sit quietly today and do nothing while this body decides what rights will be stripped away from my daughter and others in regard to their own health," said Filler-Corn, D-Fairfax. "I do not want to see a day when the only option for women and men to obtain the contraception of their choice is to leave our state and go to (Washington,) D.C. or to Maryland."

She also noted that similar measures, when put to recent referendums, had been rejected by voters in Colorado in 2008 and again in 2010, and by Mississippians last fall. "Did I say that that was Mississippi?"

Republicans said opponents of both bills were alarmists who had exaggerated the consequences.

"I would suggest the claim that there are (sic) a vast field unintended consequences because of the word person is sorely misplaced," Marshall said, defending his bill. "For example, if a person's going to be given a ticket for driving 80 mph, I would suggest that it probably doesn't apply to the child before birth."

But no comment provoked more surprise than that of Del. Todd Gilbert in diminishing the gravity of the decision to have an abortion.

"We hear the same song over there. The very tragic human notes that are often touched upon involve extreme examples," said Gilbert, R-Shenandoah. "But in the vast majority of these cases, these are matters of lifestyle convenience."

A murmur rippled across the House chamber as members reacted to Gilbert's words.

The bills now go to the Senate, which has passed Sen. Jill Vogel's companion to Del. Kathy Byron's ultrasound measure.

There is no Senate mirror legislation to Marshall's personhood bill, which prescribes criminal penalties for those who would violate its provisions, but Sen. Bill Stanley, R-Franklin County, won passage Tuesday of a measure that would permit wrongful death civil lawsuits against those who kill a fetus.

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