From the ABC 7 Weather team

Archive for category Forecast Discussion September 2014

Only A Few Days of Summer Left Before Autumn Begins

September 19, 2014 - 02:19 PM
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Enjoy this last weekend of summer - because it is going to feel more like summer here in the Washington D.C. area! Temperatures throughout this last week of summer have been running below normal giving us a little taste of Fall.  However, by the time we head into this weekend, temperatures will top out in the 80s for much of the region thanks to high pressure clearing out cloud cover and helping us boost into the 80s with a light southeasterly flow.

A cold front will cross the area Sunday which will give way to some clouds and about a 30% chance of showers in the afternoon and evening hours moving from west to east. This cold front will also sweep away any of the summer-like weather we have left and leave us with another spell of Autumn weather around the region.

This is happening right in time because the autumnal equinox arrives at 10:29 p.m. on Monday! People celebrate this moment across the world and really the precise moment is when the sun passes directly over the equator! This happens twice a year as you may recall (the "spring equinox" and the "autumnal equinox"). 

 

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In latin, the word "equinox" means "equal night" --"equi" meaning "equal" and "nox" meaning "night". This signifies the equal parts of daylight and darkness.

However, this is not always so "matter-of-fact." The sunrise on Monday is 6:55 a.m. and the sunset is 7:07 p.m. This isn't exactly equal. In fact, we have to wait until Tuesday, the first full day of Autumn to get the full equal light-equal night. The sunrise on Tuesday is 6:56 a.m. and the sunset is 7:06 p.m.

My colleague Eileen Whelan summed it up correctly when she wrote:

"We have the atmosphere to thank for this oddity. Also, the definition of sunrise and sunset. Sunrise occurs the moment the tip of the sun can be seen on the horizon and sunset is the last minute the sun can be seen before it dips below the horizon. Also, keep in mind our atmosphere refracts, or bends, light, which makes it appear as if the sun is rising or setting earlier.

The true equinox occurs when the center of the sun's disk crosses the celestial equator and this occurs at 10:29 p.m. EDT on Monday, September 22. At the same time the equinox occurs in D.C., it occurs across the globe."

Either way, you won't notice a different from Monday to Tuesday, from Summer to Autumn. However, you will notice that the hours of daylight start getting shorter until the Winter Solstice which begins on December 21, 6:03 P.M. EST (which is also the darkest day of the year meaning the day with the least amount of daylight.

However, as we make the transition into Fall, it may seem a little cooler according the outlook by the Climate Prediction Center:

 

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But, also according to the Climate Prediction Center for the 8-14 day outlook, temperatures may be a little on the warmer side!

 

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So don't pack away those flip-flops yet for those boots. Fall is here to stay but bouts of summer may stick around until early October!

 

 

 

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Roller coaster temperatures this week, strong storms possible Thursday

September 9, 2014 - 08:46 AM
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The weather picture is rather complex this week and we've got a little bit of almost everything in the forecast, even SNOW! (Ok, the snow is for Canada, Montana and maybe the Western High Plains, but now I have your attention!)

Low pressure has been keeping us cloudy and cool in the Mid-Atlantic since Sunday night. The high in D.C. yesterday was 77 degrees and with mid-upper 70s again today, it will be the coolest stretch of temperatures since late May (thanks to Ryan Miller for that nugget). All of this is happening on the average last date of 90 degrees at Reagan National.

 

(This Afternoon)

 

As the low pressure system departs tonight, our focus turns to a potent cold front that is currently in the Midwest.  MUCH cooler air is coming in from Canada behind it where they have been seeing some snow!

 

(GFS Model showing possible snow in Western NE Thursday)

 

The cold front drops through the plains and spreads toward the east. Check out the chilly nights ahead for our friends to the north!

(Flirting with Freezing Thursday AM Midwest)

Notice on that forecast model that as the cool air invades the nation's mid-section, warm air will be drawn in ahead of that front it the east. It will be muggy in D.C. Wednesday as it warms up to around 80 and by Thursday we reach the top of the roller coaster with  highs back in the mid to upper 80s. Here's a look at highs from the North American Model.

 

(NAM Temperatures Thursday)

 

By the time it arrives in the D.C. area, this storm system will already have a history of producing severe weather. Today it will hit the Midwest and then the Great Lakes/Ohio Valley on Wednesday. By the time it reaches us, much of the energy will be to the north. However, with a strong jet in the upper levels of the atmosphere, the thunderstorms that develop over the D.C. region could produce damaging winds Thursday afternoon/evening. 

 

(Storm Prediction Center Severe Outlook Thursday)

 

This all should pass us overnight on Thursday and stall in the southeastern U.S. That puts us in the cool sector with 70s again for highs and overnight lows in the 50s even inside the beltway. The core of the cool air evades us, but it sure will feel like fall. In addition, a reinforcing cold front comes in on Saturday (bottom of roller coaster) with a few showers. Expect below average temperatures into next week.

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